Reprinted From FEBRUARY 14, 2005 LINN'S STAMP NEWS, Page #32
Stamps honor the U.N.s 60th anniversary
The United Nations Postal Administration
issued three stamps and three souvenir sheets
Feb. 4 commemorating the 60th anniversary of
the United Nations. Also released on the same
day was a hologram definitive (regular-issue)
The United Nations Postal Administration
issued this 80¢ stamp Feb. 4 to celebrate the
60th anniversary of the United Nations. The
design depicts the U.N. General Assembly.
stamp for use from the UNPA post office in Vienna,
All of the stamps picture U.N. buildings.
The U.N. General Assembly in New York
City is featured on the commemoratives for the
60th anniversary of the United Nations. Czeslaw
Slania, the world-famous stamp engraver,
hand engraved these designs for the United
The 0.75-euro hologram definitive depicts
the Vienna International Center, one of the
four headquarters buildings of the United Nations.
The other headquarters are located in
New York City; Geneva, Switzerland; and
Nairobi, Kenya. Stamps are issued for use
from the New York, Geneva and Vienna offices
but not for the Nairobi office.
The U.N. 60th Anniversary stamps bear denominations
of 80¢ for UNPA/New York; 1.30
francs for UNPA/Geneva; and 0.55e for
The stamps measure 50.34 millimeters horizontally
by 35.50mm vertically. They are perforated
The vertical sheets of 20 stamps bear four
marginal inscriptions of the special logo for the
60th anniversary, two in the left margin and
two in the right. Also, one copyright symbol
appears in the lower-left margin.
The souvenir sheets, which are denominated
$1, 3fr and 2.10e, respectively, measure
100mm horizontally by 80mm vertically.
The stamps on each souvenir sheet are imperforate
(have no perforations) and measure
50.34mm horizontally by 35.50mm vertically.
Banknote Corporation of America printed
the stamps and souvenir sheets by a combination
of the intaglio and offset processes in the
following quantities: 395,000 80¢; 270,000
1.30fr; 310,000 0.55e; 135,000 $1 souvenir
sheets; 125,000 3fr souvenir sheets; and
165,000 2.10e souvenir sheets.
Slania was born near Katowice, Poland, in
1921. Even as a young boy, he demonstrated
advanced talents for drawing and producing
When he was older, he enrolled at the Academy
of Fine Arts in Krakow, recognized as one
of the best art graphic centers in Europe.
While still a student, Slania was employed
by the Polish Stamp Printing Works, where he
learned to engrave in steel, a harder, more demanding
metal than copper. The first stamp engraved
by Slania was issued by Poland March
24, 1951 (Scott 499).
After engraving 23 stamps for Poland, the
young engraver went out into the world to seek
his fortune. He came to Sweden in 1956 and
began engraving stamps for the Swedish post
office in 1959.
Since then, he has engraved more than 1,000
stamps for numerous postal administrations,
including those of the United States and the
In 1986, he produced engravings for six
U.N. stamps on the theme "Philately - The International
Hobby" (Scott UNPA/New York
473-74, UNPA/Geneva 146-47, UNPA/Vienna
Two of these stamps reproduce engravings
that show Slania at work, hunched over a polished
steel die. In 1997, six U.N. stamps incorporating
the 1986 designs were issued to pay
tribute to the stamp hobby (Scott UNPA/
New York 714-15, UNPA/Geneva 312-13, UNPA/
His 1,000th stamp was issued March 17,
2000, for the Swedish Post (Scott 2374).
There are Slania clubs in several countries,
and there is also a great interest in nonpostal
engravings by Slania. For example, he has engraved
portraits of kings, queens, political figures,
heavyweight boxing champions and film
As of October 2004, Slania has engraved
1,070 stamps, most of them (approximately
400) for Sweden. In August 2000, the Guinness
Book of Records awarded him three world
Because of the number of items he has engraved
and the beauty, speed and proliferation
of his engravings, Slania is the worlds most famous
The United Nations was established Oct. 24,
1945, by 51 countries committed to preserving
peace through international cooperation and
collective security. Throughout its 60-year history,
the United Nations has played an integral
part in shaping global events through its humanitarian
and peacekeeping activities.
In 1945, representatives of 50 countries met
in San Francisco at the United Nations Conference
on International Organization to draw up
the charter of the United Nations. Those delegates
deliberated on the basis of proposals
worked out by the representatives of China, the
Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the
The United Nations Postal Administration
issued its second hologram definitive stamp
Feb. 4. This 0.75-euro denomination is for
use from the UNPA office in Vienna,Austria.
The charter was signed June 26, 1945, by the
representatives of the 50 countries. Poland,
which was not represented at the conference,
signed it later and became one of the original
51 member states.
The United Nations officially came into existence
Oct. 24, 1945, when the charter had
been ratified by China, France, the Soviet
Union, the United Kingdom, the United States
and a majority of other signatories.
United Nations Day is celebrated Oct. 24
To date, 191 countries are members of the
United Nations. When states become members,
they agree to accept the obligations of the
charter, an international treaty that sets out basic
principles of international relations.
According to the charter, the United Nations
has four purposes: to maintain international
peace and security; to develop friendly relations
among nations; to cooperate in solving
international problems and in promoting respect
for human rights; and to be a center for
harmonizing the actions of nations.
The United Nations is not a world government,
and it does not make laws. It does, however,
provide the means to help resolve international
conflicts and formulate policies on
matters affecting all people. At the United Nations,
all member states - large and small,
rich and poor, with differing political views
and social systems - have a voice and a vote
in this process.
The United Nations has six main organs.
Five of them, the General Assembly, the Security
Council, the Economic and Social Council,
the Trusteeship Council, and the Secretariat,
are based at U.N. headquarters in New York.
The sixth, the International Court of Justice,
is located at The Hague in the Netherlands.
The General Assembly, which is pictured on
the stamps, is a parliament of nations, where
all U.N. member states are represented.
Each member state has one vote. Decisions
on such key issues as international peace and
security, admitting new members and the U.N.
budget are decided by two-thirds majority.
Other matters are decided by simple majority.
In recent years, a special effort has been
made to reach decisions through consensus
rather than by taking a formal vote.
The assembly cannot force action by any
state, but its recommendations are an important
indication of world opinion and represent
the moral authority of the community of nations.
The General Assembly usually conducts its
annual regular session from September to December.
At the start of each regular session, the
assembly elects a new president, 21 vice presidents
and the chairmen of the assemblys six
main committees: the Disarmament and International
Security Committee; the Economic
and Financial Committee; the Social, Humanitarian
and Cultural Committee; the Special Political
and Decolonization Committee; the Administrative
and Budgetary Committee; and
the Legal Committee.
To ensure equitable geographical representation,
the presidency of the assembly rotates
each year among five groups of states: African,
Asian, Eastern European, Latin American and
Caribbean, and Western European and other
In addition to its regular sessions, the assembly
can meet in special sessions at the request
of the Security Council, of a majority of
member states or of one member if the majority
of members concur.
The 0.75e Vienna hologram definitive is the
second hologram issued by the UNPA. The
first, released March 28, 2003, is a 70¢ stamp
showing U.N. headquarters in New York City
(Scott UNPA/New York 839).
In 2006, the UNPA plans to issue a definitive
hologram for use from the UNPA/Geneva
The UNPA/Vienna hologram measures
35mm horizontally by 50mm vertically and is
perforated gauge 13.
The horizontal sheets of 20 stamps have two
marginal inscriptions, two in the top margin
and two in the bottom. The marginal inscription
consists of the U.N. emblem with the German
text "Vereinte Nationen" above the emblem
and the year 2005 below it. There is one
copyright symbol in the lower left.
Cartor, a French security printer, printed the
stamp by offset in a quantity of 360,000.
For more information on the U.N. 60th Anniversary
stamps and the UNPA/Vienna hologram,
contact the United Nations Postal Administration,
Box 5900, Grand Central Station, New
York, NY 10163-9992; telephone 800-234-8672;
fax 212-963-9854 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.